How fireworks harm outside animals

Fireworks are a common way of celebrating various occasions, such as New Year’s Eve, Independence Day, Diwali and more. However, while many people enjoy the bright colors and loud noises of fireworks, they can cause serious harm to animals who live outside or near the areas where they are set off. In this blog post, I will explain some of the ways that fireworks affect outside animals and what we can do to reduce their suffering.

Physical damage to the hearing organs of animals

Many animals have much more sensitive hearing than humans, so the explosions of fireworks are not only more disturbing to them, but they can damage their hearing more severely. Fireworks can emit sounds of up to 190 decibels1, which is 110 to 115 decibels above the range where the damage to the human ear begins1Fireworks generate a higher noise level than gunshots (140 decibels), and some jet planes (100 decibels)1Noises caused by fireworks and firecrackers can lead to loss of hearing and tinnitus1Dogs are known to suffer irreversible hearing loss caused by proximity to the noise of gunfire1.

Fear and stress

In addition to these harms, the noises caused by fireworks harm animals by causing fear. In fact, repeated exposure to unexpected, unpredictable loud noises can cause phobias in many animals, increasing panic reactions to loud noises in the future1It is estimated that one-fifth of disappearances of animals who are companions to humans are due to very loud sounds, mainly fireworks and storms1The effects of fireworks on animals can be observed very clearly in zoos2It has been shown that the noise of fireworks makes animals such as rhinos and cheetahs very nervous, also visibly affecting others such as elephants, while rodents continue running minutes after the noises cease2.

Harmful effects by chemical particles

Firecrackers are poisonous, and their explosion releases harmful particles such as fine dust (PM10) that is toxic to inhale. It can worsen existing diseases and cause others1Therefore, fireworks represent a danger both to animals who live in areas where they explode, or in relatively distant locations when the wind transports the particles1There is also a risk of ingestion of the residue of fireworks and firecrackers1. The proximity of the animals to the areas where the firecrackers are made often causes burns and damage to the eyes. The chemicals are also dangerous for cats and dogs, just as they are for humans with respiratory diseases such as asthma3. Careless use of fireworks can also cause mutilations and fatal accidents in animals near the event, as well as causing fires that harm animals. When accidents of this type occur that affect humans, it is common for us to talk about it, but we must remember such things often affect animals of other species even when humans aren’t badly affected.

Ways different animals are affected by fireworks

Different animals may react differently to fireworks depending on their species, personality and environment. Here are some examples:

Alternatives to the use of fireworks

There are many ways to celebrate without harming animals with fireworks. Here are some suggestions:

  • Use silent fireworks: Silent fireworks are designed to produce less noise and more light. They can still create a beautiful display without causing distress to animals. However, they may still have some negative effects on the environment and health, so they should be used with caution and moderation.
  • Use laser shows: Laser shows are another way to create a dazzling spectacle without noise or smoke. They can be synchronized with music and projected onto buildings, water or sky. Laser shows are safer and more eco-friendly than fireworks, but they may still pose some risks to the eyes of humans and animals if not used properly.
  • Use glow sticks: Glow sticks are cheap, easy and fun to use. They can create a colorful and festive atmosphere without any noise or fire. They can also be worn as bracelets, necklaces or decorations. However, glow sticks contain chemicals that can be harmful if ingested by animals or humans, so they should be disposed of carefully and kept away from children and pets.
  • Use candles: Candles are another simple and elegant way to celebrate. They can create a warm and cozy ambiance without any noise or pollution. They can also be used to make wishes, prayers or rituals. However, candles can also cause fires or burns if not handled with care, so they should be placed on stable surfaces and kept away from flammable materials, children and animals.


Fireworks are a popular form of entertainment and celebration, but they can cause serious harm to animals who live outside or near the areas where they are set off. Fireworks can damage their hearing, cause fear and stress, expose them to harmful chemicals, injure them or make them lose their homes or lives. There are many alternatives to fireworks that can create a festive and fun atmosphere without harming animals. We should consider the impact of our actions on other beings who share this planet with us and choose more compassionate ways of celebrating.

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