5 Common Signs of Stress in Dogs and Cats

We all know how stress can affect our mood, health and well-being. But did you know that our furry friends can also experience stress and anxiety? Dogs and cats are sensitive creatures that can react to various situations and stimuli in their environment. Sometimes, stress can be beneficial and help them cope with challenges or dangers. But other times, stress can be chronic and harmful, leading to behavioral or health problems.

So how can we tell if our dogs and cats are stressed? Unlike humans, they cannot tell us how they feel or what is bothering them. But they do have ways of communicating their emotions through their body language, vocalization and behavior. Here are some common signs of stress in dogs and cats that you should look out for:

1. Panting or drooling

Dogs pant when they are hot, excited or stressed. Panting helps them cool down and regulate their body temperature. But if your dog is panting excessively, even when it is not hot or after exercise, it could be a sign of stress or anxiety. Panting can also be accompanied by drooling, which indicates that your dog is nervous or uncomfortable.

Cats do not pant as often as dogs, but they may do so when they are stressed, scared or overheated. Panting in cats is usually a sign of respiratory distress or cardiovascular problems, so you should consult your vet immediately if you notice this symptom.

2. Hiding or cowering

Dogs and cats may hide or cower when they feel threatened, insecure or fearful. This is a natural response to avoid potential harm or confrontation. Hiding or cowering can also be a sign of submission or appeasement in dogs, meaning that they are trying to avoid conflict or aggression from another dog or person.

If your dog or cat is hiding or cowering more than usual, it could mean that they are stressed by something in their environment, such as loud noises, unfamiliar people or animals, changes in routine or household, etc. You should try to identify the source of stress and provide a safe and comfortable place for your pet to retreat to when they need some space.

3. Loss of appetite

Dogs and cats may lose their appetite when they are stressed, anxious or depressed. This is because stress can affect their digestive system and cause nausea, vomiting or diarrhea. Loss of appetite can also be a sign of other medical conditions, such as dental problems, kidney disease, infections, etc.

If your dog or cat is not eating as much as usual, you should monitor their food intake and weight closely and consult your vet if the problem persists or worsens. You should also make sure that your pet has access to fresh water at all times and offer them tasty and nutritious food that they enjoy.

4. Changes in eyes and ears

Dogs and cats can express their emotions through their eyes and ears. When they are stressed, they may show signs of fear, anxiety or aggression through their eye contact, pupil size and ear position.

For example, dogs may avoid eye contact or look away when they are stressed, scared or submissive. They may also show the whites of their eyes (whale eye) when they are uncomfortable or threatened. Their pupils may dilate when they are aroused, excited or fearful. Their ears may flatten against their head when they are afraid or submissive, or prick forward when they are alert or aggressive.

Cats may stare intensely at something that is stressing them out, such as another cat or a predator. They may also have dilated pupils when they are scared, angry or playful. Their ears may flatten sideways (airplane ears) when they are frightened or annoyed, or swivel back (helicopter ears) when they are curious or attentive.

5. Excessive licking or grooming

Dogs and cats may lick or groom themselves more than usual when they are stressed, anxious or bored. Licking or grooming can be a soothing behavior that helps them calm down and cope with stress. It can also be a displacement behavior that helps them redirect their attention from something that is bothering them.

However, excessive licking or grooming can also be harmful for your pet’s health and well-being. It can cause skin irritation, hair loss, infections or wounds. It can also indicate an underlying medical condition, such as allergies, parasites, hormonal imbalances, etc.

If your dog or cat is licking or grooming themselves excessively, you should check their skin and coat for any signs of problems and consult your vet if needed. You should also try to enrich your pet’s environment with toys, games and activities that keep them mentally stimulated and physically active.

Stress is inevitable for both humans and animals, but it does not have to be detrimental for our pets’ health and happiness. By recognizing the signs of stress in dogs and cats and providing them with proper care and support, we can help them cope with stress and enjoy a better quality of life.

What You Need to Know About Pet First Aid

If you have a pet, you know how much they mean to you. They are part of your family and you want to keep them safe and healthy. But what if your pet gets injured or sick? Do you know what to do in an emergency?

Pet first aid is the immediate care you provide to your pet when they are hurt or ill until you can get them to a veterinarian. It can make a difference between life and death, recovery and disability, or comfort and pain for your pet.

In this blog post, we will cover some basic tips and skills for pet first aid that every pet owner should know.

What should you have in your pet first aid kit?

It is a good idea to have a pet first aid kit at home and in your car, so you are prepared for any situation. You can buy a ready-made kit or make your own with some common items. Here are some things you should have in your pet first aid kitAd1:

  • Antiseptic spray or ointment
  • Hydrogen peroxide for cleaning wounds
  • Gauze, cotton balls, bandage material, adhesive tape
  • A pair of tweezers and a pair of scissors
  • A digital thermometer
  • A muzzle or a soft cloth to prevent biting
  • A leash or a carrier to restrain your pet
  • A blanket or a towel to keep your pet warm
  • Gloves to protect yourself from infection
  • Your veterinarian’s phone number and address
  • A copy of your pet’s medical records and medications

How do you perform CPR on your pet?

CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is a lifesaving technique that can help restore breathing and blood circulation in your pet if they stop breathing or their heart stops beating. CPR should only be performed if your pet is unconscious and has no pulse2.

To perform CPR on your pet, follow these steps2:

  1. Check for breathing and pulse. You can use your hand to feel for the chest movement or the heartbeat on the left side of the chest. You can also use a stethoscope if you have one.
  2. If there is no breathing or pulse, place your pet on their right side on a flat surface. Make sure their neck is straight and their mouth is closed.
  3. For dogs, place one hand over the rib cage where the elbow touches the chest. For cats and small dogs, place one hand over the heart. Compress the chest about one-third to one-half of its width at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute.
  4. After 30 compressions, give two rescue breaths by gently holding the mouth closed and blowing into the nose until you see the chest rise. Repeat the cycle of 30 compressions and two breaths until your pet starts breathing or has a pulse, or until you reach a veterinary clinic.
  5. If possible, have someone else call your veterinarian or drive you to the nearest emergency hospital while you perform CPR.

How do you treat common injuries and illnesses in your pet?

There are many situations where your pet may need first aid care. Some of them are:

How do you prevent accidents and emergencies with your pet?

The best way to keep your pet safe and healthy is to prevent accidents and emergencies from happening in the first place. Here are some tips to prevent common hazards for your pet4:

  • Keep your pet up to date on their vaccinations and parasite prevention.
  • Spay or neuter your pet to reduce the risk of reproductive diseases and unwanted pregnancies.
  • Microchip and tag your pet with your contact information in case they get lost or stolen.
  • Keep your pet on a leash or in a carrier when outside or in unfamiliar places.
  • Avoid feeding your pet human foods that can be toxic or harmful, such as chocolate, grapes, onions, garlic, xylitol, alcohol, etc.
  • Store medications, household cleaners, antifreeze, pesticides, and other chemicals out of reach of your pet.
  • Provide your pet with adequate water, food, shelter, exercise, and socialization.
  • Train your pet to obey basic commands and avoid aggressive or fearful behaviors.
  • Regularly check your pet for signs of illness or injury and visit your veterinarian for routine check-ups.


Pet first aid is an essential skill for every pet owner. It can help you save your pet’s life in an emergency or reduce their pain and suffering until you can get them to a veterinarian. By having a pet first aid kit, knowing how to perform CPR, treating common injuries and illnesses, and preventing accidents and emergencies, you can be prepared for any situation that may arise with your pet.

We hope this blog post has been helpful and informative for you. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. And remember, if your pet is in serious trouble, always call your veterinarian or an emergency clinic right away.

Thank you for reading and stay safe!

10 Points on Conservation of Wildlife

Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting plant and animal species and their habitats in order to maintain healthy wildlife species or populations and to restore, protect or enhance natural ecosystemsAd1. Wildlife conservation is important for many reasons, such as:

To conserve wildlife, we need to take action at different levels: individual, local, national, regional, and global. Here are 10 points on how we can conserve wildlife:

  1. Support wildlife conservation organizations that work to protect wildlife and their habitats, such as the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Conservation International (CI), the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), and the National Wildlife Federation (NWF). You can donate, volunteer, advocate, or participate in their campaigns and initiatives23.
  2. Educate yourself and others about wildlife conservation issues and solutions. You can read books, articles, reports, blogs, or watch documentaries and videos about wildlife conservation. You can also visit zoos, aquariums, wildlife sanctuaries, or national parks that have educational programs and exhibits on wildlife conservationAd13.
  3. Reduce your ecological footprint and live more sustainably. You can conserve water and energy, reduce waste and pollution, use renewable sources of energy, buy organic and local products, avoid products that harm wildlife or their habitats (such as palm oil or ivory), recycle and reuse materials, and choose green transportation optionsAd13.
  4. Support or join community-based conservation efforts that involve local people in managing and benefiting from wildlife resources. You can support projects that promote ecotourism, community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), participatory monitoring and evaluation (PME), or payments for ecosystem services (PES)24.
  5. Advocate for wildlife conservation policies and laws that protect wildlife and their habitats from threats. You can contact your representatives or policymakers to voice your support for wildlife conservation legislation or regulations. You can also sign petitions or join campaigns that call for action on wildlife conservation issues23.
  6. Report any illegal or suspicious activities that harm wildlife or their habitats to the authorities. You can report poaching, trafficking, hunting, fishing, logging, mining, or other activities that violate wildlife laws or regulations to the relevant agencies or organizations. You can also use online platforms or apps that allow you to report wildlife crimes anonymously23.
  7. Adopt or sponsor a wild animal or a habitat that needs protection. You can adopt or sponsor an endangered species or a habitat through various organizations that offer these programs. You can also name a species or a habitat after yourself or someone else as a gift or a tribute23.
  8. Plant native trees and plants that provide food and shelter for wildlife in your garden or backyard. You can also create a wildlife-friendly habitat by providing water sources, nesting boxes, feeders, or other features that attract and support wildlife. You can also join community groups that plant trees or restore habitats in your areaAd13.
  9. Participate in citizen science projects that collect data on wildlife and their habitats. You can join projects that involve observing, counting, tagging, tracking, photographing, or recording wildlife or their habitats using various tools and methods. You can also share your data with researchers or organizations that use them for conservation purposesAd13.
  10. Celebrate and appreciate wildlife and their habitats by visiting them or enjoying them in various ways. You can go hiking, camping, birdwatching, snorkeling, diving, or safariing in natural areas that have rich wildlife diversity. You can also enjoy wildlife art, music, literature, or photography that showcase the beauty and diversity of wildlifeAd13.

By following these 10 points, you can make a difference for wildlife conservation and help ensure the survival of these species and the health of our planet.

Ad1Wildlife Conservation – National Geographic Society 2Wildlife Conservation | Initiatives | WWF 3Understanding Conservation | National Wildlife Federation 4Wildlife conservation – Wikipedia

How Emotional Support Animals Can Help You Cope With Mental Health Challenges

If you are struggling with a mental or emotional condition, such as anxiety, depression, or PTSD, you might benefit from having an emotional support animal (ESA). An ESA is not just a pet, but a companion that provides comfort and relief to you through their presence. Unlike service dogs, ESAs do not need to be trained to perform specific tasks related to your disability. They just need to be prescribed by a licensed mental health professional who can attest that you need the animal for your well-being.

What Are the Benefits of Having an ESA?

According to the American Kennel ClubAd1, some of the benefits of having an ESA include:

  • Reducing stress and anxiety levels
  • Providing social support and companionship
  • Enhancing self-esteem and confidence
  • Improving mood and motivation
  • Encouraging physical activity and exercise
  • Creating a sense of purpose and responsibility

Research has shown that interacting with animals can have positive effects on our physical and mental health. For example, petting an animal can lower blood pressure, heart rate, and cortisol levels2Animals can also stimulate the release of oxytocin, a hormone that promotes bonding and trust2Furthermore, animals can provide emotional support by listening without judgment, offering unconditional love, and distracting us from negative thoughts and feelings2.

What Are the Requirements for Having an ESA?

To qualify for having an ESA, you need to have a diagnosed mental or emotional disability that significantly limits your ability to function normally in daily life. You also need to obtain a letter from a licensed mental health professional (such as a therapist, psychologist, or psychiatrist) that states that you need the animal for your mental health. The letter should include the following information3:

  • The professional’s name, license number, and contact information
  • The date of the letter and its expiration (usually one year)
  • A confirmation that you have a disability under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
  • A statement that the animal is necessary for your treatment or well-being
  • A description of how the animal helps you cope with your condition

You may need to present this letter to your landlord, airline, or other entity that requires proof of your need for an ESA. However, you do not need to disclose your specific diagnosis or personal details to anyone.

What Are the Rules for Having an ESA?

Unlike service dogs, ESAs are not covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which means they do not have the same rights and privileges as service dogs. However, there are some federal laws that protect ESAs in certain situations.

One of them is the Fair Housing Act (FHA), which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in housing. Under the FHA, landlords must make reasonable accommodations for people with ESAs, such as waiving pet fees or allowing pets in no-pet policies3However, landlords can still deny ESAs if they pose a threat to the health or safety of others, cause significant damage to the property, or create an undue burden on the landlord3.

Another law is the Air Carrier Access Act (ACAA), which allows people with disabilities to travel with their ESAs on flights. However, as of January 11th 2021, airlines are no longer required to accommodate ESAs as service animalsAd1Instead, they can treat them as pets and charge fees or impose restrictions on themAd1. Therefore, it is important to check with your airline before flying with your ESA.

How to Choose an ESA?

There are no specific rules or criteria for choosing an ESA. The most important thing is that the animal is compatible with your lifestyle, personality, and needs. You should also consider the following factors:

  • The type of animal: ESAs can be any type of pet, such as dogs, cats, rabbits, birds, or even reptiles4. However, some animals may be more suitable than others depending on your preferences and circumstances. For example, dogs tend to be more social and active than cats, but they also require more training and care. Cats tend to be more independent and low-maintenance than dogs, but they may not be as affectionate or responsive.
  • The breed of animal: If you choose a dog or a cat as your ESA, you should research different breeds and their characteristics. Some breeds may be more friendly, calm, or adaptable than others. For example, Labrador Retrievers are known for being loyal, gentle, and easy-going; Poodles are known for being intelligent, hypoallergenic, and versatile; Persian cats are known for being quiet, sweet, and cuddly; Siamese cats are known for being vocal, playful, and curious.
  • The temperament of animal: Each animal has its own personality and behavior, regardless of its type or breed. You should look for an animal that matches your energy level, mood, and expectations. For example, if you are looking for a calm and quiet companion, you may not want a hyperactive or noisy animal. If you are looking for a playful and adventurous partner, you may not want a shy or timid animal.
  • The health of animal: You should make sure that the animal you choose is healthy and well-cared for. You should take the animal to a veterinarian for a check-up, vaccinations, and spaying/neutering. You should also provide the animal with a balanced diet, regular exercise, and proper grooming. A healthy and happy animal will be more likely to provide you with emotional support and comfort.

How to Care for Your ESA?

Having an ESA is not only a privilege, but also a responsibility. You should treat your ESA with respect, kindness, and love. You should also follow these tips to care for your ESA:

  • Provide a safe and comfortable environment for your ESA. Make sure they have enough space, water, food, toys, and bedding. Keep them away from potential hazards, such as toxic plants, chemicals, or wires.
  • Train your ESA to behave well and follow basic commands. Use positive reinforcement, such as praise, treats, or toys, to reward good behavior. Avoid using punishment, such as yelling, hitting, or scolding, to correct bad behavior. Be consistent and patient with your training.
  • Socialize your ESA with other people and animals. Expose them to different situations, sounds, and smells. Help them overcome their fears and anxieties. Teach them how to be polite and friendly with others.
  • Respect the rights and feelings of others. Do not force your ESA on people who are allergic, afraid, or uncomfortable with animals. Do not let your ESA disturb or harm others or their property. Clean up after your ESA and dispose of their waste properly.
  • Follow the rules and regulations regarding ESAs. Obtain a valid letter from a licensed mental health professional that confirms your need for an ESA. Present the letter to your landlord, airline, or other entity that requires proof of your ESA. Check with local laws and policies before bringing your ESA to public places.


An emotional support animal can be a great source of comfort and relief for people with mental or emotional disabilities. However, having an ESA also comes with certain requirements and responsibilities. You should consult with a licensed mental health professional to determine if you qualify for an ESA and how to obtain one. You should also choose an animal that suits your needs and personality and take good care of them. By doing so, you can enjoy the benefits of having an ESA and improve your quality of life.

Ad1Everything You Need to Know About Emotional Support Animals – American Kennel Club 3Service Animals and Emotional Support Animals | ADA National Network 4Emotional support animal – Wikipedia 2Emotional Support Animals: How to Get One, Mental Health Benefits

The Best Trails to Go Hiking on in Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania is a hiker’s paradise, with thousands of miles of trails to explore in its state parks, national forests, and scenic areas. Whether you’re looking for a family-friendly hike, a challenging backpacking trip, or a stunning waterfall loop, you’ll find it in the Keystone State. Here are some of the best trails to go hiking on in Pennsylvania, according to various sources12345.

Mount Minsi via Appalachian Trail

If you want to experience a section of the famous Appalachian Trail, which spans 14 states from Georgia to Maine, you can hike the Mount Minsi loop in the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. This 4.8-mile trail offers spectacular views of the Delaware River, Mount Tammany, and the surrounding Appalachian Mountains. The trail is well marked, in good condition, and easy to get to. There are also several waterfalls and rock outcrops along the way to add some interest and variety. The trail is moderately difficult, with some steep and rocky sections, so wear sturdy shoes and bring plenty of water.

Ricketts Glen Falls Trail Loop

One of the most popular and beautiful hikes in Pennsylvania is the Ricketts Glen Falls Trail Loop in Ricketts Glen State Park. This 4.1-mile trail passes by 21 waterfalls and countless other cascades along two branches of Kitchen Creek. The waterfalls range from 11 feet to 94 feet in height, and each one has its own unique shape and character. The trail is well maintained, but it can be slippery and steep in some places, so use caution and wear appropriate footwear. The trail can also get very crowded on weekends and holidays, so plan to arrive early or visit on a weekday.

Pulpit Rock and Pinnacle Loop

For a rewarding hike with stunning views of the Lehigh Valley and beyond, try the Pulpit Rock and Pinnacle Loop on the Appalachian Trail. This 9.2-mile loop takes you to two of the most scenic overlooks in Pennsylvania: Pulpit Rock and The Pinnacle. Both spots offer panoramic vistas of the rolling hills, farms, and forests below. The trail is moderately difficult, with some rocky and steep sections, but it’s well worth the effort. The trail can also be very busy on nice days, so be prepared to share the views with other hikers.

Montour Trail

If you’re looking for a flat and easy hike that’s suitable for all ages and abilities, check out the Montour Trail, which was named Pennsylvania’s Trail of the Year in 2017. This 63-mile rail trail is one of the longest non-motorized trails in the country, and it goes through Allegheny County and Washington County. The trail follows an old railroad corridor that was once used to transport coal and coke from the mines to the steel mills. Along the way, you’ll see historic landmarks, bridges, tunnels, wetlands, woodlands, and wildlife. You can hike any section of the trail at your own pace, or bike it if you prefer.

Glen Onoko Falls Trail

For a challenging but rewarding hike that takes you to three spectacular waterfalls, try the Glen Onoko Falls Trail in Jim Thorpe. This 3.7-mile trail follows Glen Onoko Run as it cascades down a steep gorge in the Lehigh Gorge State Park. The trail is very steep and rocky, with some scrambling and climbing required, so it’s not for beginners or faint-hearted hikers. You’ll need good shoes, water, snacks, and a sense of adventure. The trail also requires careful attention to avoid getting lost or injured. But if you make it to the top waterfall, you’ll be rewarded with a breathtaking view of the valley below.

These are just some of the best trails to go hiking on in Pennsylvania, but there are many more to discover and enjoy. Whether you’re looking for a short stroll or a long adventure, you’ll find a trail that suits your needs and interests in this diverse and beautiful state.

Happy hiking!

Quitting Cigarettes with Vaping

I have smoked cigarettes for 25 years. For the past about 4 years I have been saying i’m going to quit but I could never really do it. I smoked about a pack to a pack and a half a day.  About 10 years ago I was at a kiosk in the mall and there were electronic cigarettes there and my brother and I both purchased them. We used them and then when they were done we went right back to cigarettes.  So about a 2 months ago i seen that they had something called Vuse Vibe so i bought one. It kept me from smoking the whole time that i was vaping with it. It was rather expensive so i decided to go out to a vaping store and get a vaping unit and e-juices to go along with it.

It has been almost 2 months and I have smoked about 5 packs of cigarettes in that 2 months (usually when i’m out drinking beer).  Vaping has really made it possible for me to quit smoking.  I have read a report that people who vape have all most no cancer causing carcinogens in their system compared to people that smoke.  I’m getting old so taking care of my health is becoming more and more of a priority.  Just wanted to put it out there that vaping is a reasonable route to quit smoking. Not just for me, i’ve seen other people who have quit smoking by vaping. Right now I have a kangertech toptank evod system and 1 coil costs 1.50 and i spend about 14 dollars on juice a week. I could probably get those numbers down a bit more but i don’t plan on vaping for the rest of my life.  Eventually when I get enough time without smoking and only vaping then i’m going to cut down on vaping.

So I just wanted to put that out there that vaping IS an alternative to smoking and it has worked very well for me and plenty of other people. It is way cheaper than smoking and a lot healthier for you as well. If you vape to stop smoking I say keep up the good work.  A lot of people joke about people who vape but it is really a good way to quit cigarettes. Thank you for reading I hope that this article may help another smoker who is really addicted to nicotine and is helpless over the addiction how I once was.

Obesity in the World Today

Obesity is a growing problem in today’s world.  You might ask what are the reasons that today’s people are more likely to be obese. People try to cut carbohydrates, sugar, fat, anything to live a healthier life these days and they feel even more pressured to do so because of the increasing epidemic of obesity.  There are a lot of factors that can contribute to a person being obese which are diet and exercise.  Through the right diet and exercise a person will not even have to worry about obesity.

Being on a diet is important because everyone is on one.  If you weren’t on a diet you would be dead from starvation.  Everyone is different having to do with genetics and how they are affected by the environment. Culture is another factor that has a lot to do with diet.  Some people cannot eat sugar and are diabetics and sugar intake has increased at an order of magnitude or even higher since the 80’s when I was a kid.  Everything has sugar in it these days and is probably the main culprit in the obesity craze.  Regulating sugar intake is probably important so you don’t eventually become diabetic.  Some people say that cutting carbohydrates is a good way to battle obesity.  Why are companies packing their foods with sugar?  Because sugar tastes good and it is an inborn preference to love the sweet mother’s milk when a child is just born.  Whether companies took advantage of this innate preference is besides the point that people really need to watch their diets so that they do not run into health problems like obesity.  Some people can eat all of the junk food they want and not gain a pound.  I know this because I am one of those people.  But since I’ve been getting older I have started to watch my diet because cholesterol is really building up inside me.  So everyone is on a diet and the point is that you have to be aware of your diet and change it so you can stay healthy.

Exercise these days seems to be a thing of the past.  When I was young back in the 1980’s I was outside at the parks every day running around, wading through the creek, and building tree forts.  These days the kids want to not even move and look at their tablets and smart devices.  You probably don’t burn a lot of calories when you don’t even move.  Exercise is important for everyday functioning.  I recently read an article that said your memory improves when you exercise because it enlarges your hippocampus, the area of your brain that is used for memory.  So exercise enlarges your brain and burns calories.  Calories left over at the end of the day turn to fat when you sleep.  I cannot urge it enough these days that the kids need to exercise in order to stay healthy.  I always take my nieces to the park so they can run around and play with other kids and get out some of the energy that they have from calories in the food they eat.  I used to run 5 miles at once, once a week and I am going to try to start it up again to lower my cholesterol.  Exercising will lead to having a faster metabolism.  The faster your metabolism the quicker you will burn calories and fat.  If you have a fast metabolism you would never even have to worry about obesity, ever.

To conclude I’d like to again stress the effects of diet and exercise on the disease of obesity that has struck our country in the past couple decades.  As far as diet is concerned watch how much sugar, carbohydrates, fats, and calories you take in.  And for exercise, make sure you go out regularly and stay active so you can burn all those calories and speed up your metabolism.  Being healthy requires a proper diet and exercise regimen to stay clear of obesity.

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